Prof. Makoto Takahashi

【Research Keyword】
Biomechanics, Motion Analysis, Postural control, Motor control, Falls, Sleep and physical function

【Recent highlights】
1.Relationship between sleep and physical function/ability (Japanese Journal of Occupational Medicine and Traumatology 62(1): 44-50 2014)
2.Investigation of the role of the autonomic nervous systems during dynamic exercise in humans(Experimental Physiology 101(3): 397-409, 2016 doi: 10.1113/EP085420)
3.Muscle activity while sit-to-stand motion in knee osteoarthritis patients (PLoS One 11(1): e0147496, 2016).
4.Proposal for inertial parameters according to the stage of pregnancy and each pregnant subject in the motion analysis of pregnant women(Applied Ergonomics, doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.02.010).

Profiles of Faculty and Research Scholars

【Under-graduate】We instruct in general human movements and in control and compensation of human movements involved by musculoskeletal or neurological diseases using orthoses and prostheses. We focus on a better understanding of the mechanics concepts involved. In addition, we also instruct in a physical therapy approach for aged or physically disabled people through such subjects as <Theories and Techniques on Barrier Free Environment> and <Geriatric Diseases>. In our classes, we actively introduce English and English materials. We structure the courses to provide the requisite mechanical concepts

【Graduate】We instruct graduate students to understand human postural and motor controls through such subjects as Seminar on Biomechanics and Advanced Seminar on Biomechanics to complete master thesis or doctoral thesis linked to clinical practices.

We analyze the kinetic and kinematic components and other properties of everyday activities performed by healthy people. We also apply the same analysis with people with disabilities. Some activities studied include gait (walking and running) and sit-to-stand movement, which are the most common of human movements. We use instruments such as a 3D motion analysis system, force platforms, accelerometers, and other instruments, to collect and analyze the motions.
The findings of our research, which is based on biomechanical data analysis, are applied to improve the quality of life of people who have restricted freedom of motion.  New therapeutic exercises are developed to speed rehabilitation. We are also involved in developing proactive strategies for health promotion, and preventing physical injuries and disabilities stemming from repetitive motion.

【Photo explanation】 Motion analysis using force platforms and a 3D motion analysis system.
 (A) Infrared camera, (B) Gait, (C) Running, (D) Step-over motion under a kyphosis-simulated condition, (E) Data acquisition

【Photo explanation】 Teaching scenes in class on Prosthetics and Orthotics
(A) Gait with a simulated trans-femoral amputation prosthesis, (B) Casting for an ankle-foot orthosis