Hiroshima University fosters individuals who can take on the role of creating knowledge for the next generation by providing them with an opportunity to learn emerging academic fields through research. Any current knowledge will gradually become obsolete with time. It is therefore important to cultivate individuals who willingly keep learning after graduating from school or completing courses and act on their own initiative. Active learning is one of the methods to foster such individuals.
According to the glossary of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, active learning is “a collective term for teaching and learning methods which incorporate active participation of students in a study process, rather than the method of education in a form of lecture given unilaterally by a teacher.” More specifically, active learning includes discovery learning, problem solving learning, experiential learning, and investigative learning. Group discussions, collaborative learning, debate, and group workshops are also effective methods of active learning. The purpose of active learning is to foster individuals as explained above, and is a form of coursework designed to cultivate individuals who can actively learn. Hiroshima University plans to increase the number of courses that use active learning in the next ten years.
Active-learning-type lectures that use a tablet, active-learning-type courses such as a problem based learning (PBL) course, and debate courses in Japanese and English have already been offered by all faculty. Furthermore, we are promoting the introduction of the flipped classroom, which “flips” the traditional teaching method of "give a lecture in a classroom and give exercises as homework" to "give a lecture as homework and do exercise in a classroom."
What is a “flipped classroom”?
A flipped classroom is a type of class which “flips” the traditional teaching method of "give a lecture in a classroom and give exercises as homework" to "give a lecture as homework and do exercises in a classroom."